INAH recovered new part of Mayan City Oxkintok


Mexican authorities recovered an archaeological area with various Mayan buildings of more than 500 years old that were buried under a highway in the Yucatan peninsula.

The archaeological zone, composed of the ruins of five palace style Mayan buildings, formed part of the prehispanic city of Oxkintol and is found on both sides of the federal highway that joins the cities of Merida, the capital of the Yucatan state, with Campeche, the capital of the Campeche state where a lookout has been built for tourists to take a tour, explained the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH). The institute indicated that the recovery work of the Mayan constructions lasted three years and four months.

The zone of Oxkintok is of great archaeological relevance because it conserves buildings of all the chronological stages and of occupation in the Mayan area. This group of constructions forms part of the architectonic sequence of the Mayan area of the north that was developed in the Early Classic period, between the years of 300 to 600a.d indicated the coordinator of the archaeological salvage work Eunice Gonzalez. One building is of early Oxkintok style dating from 300 to 500a.d and three constructions are Puuc Classic style from 850 to 900a.d.

These constructions are part of large residential platforms that reach sizes of 60meters in length by 50meters wide on which masonry buildings and vaulted ceilings rose around a courtyard, commented the specialist. On the origin of the zone the five buildings formed part of what was a residential area of the prehispanic city of Oxkintok, the archaeological area of the same name located 2 km from the highway. On the ridge that divides both sides of the highway another residential building was observed that is also of the Puuc style, which was removed from its original place and relocated where it can be appreciated and conserved.

The INAH confirmed that during their salvage work traces of 170 structures were registered that date from the Pre Classic to Late Classic period. During the explorations they also recovered the remains of close to 180 containers and 100 stones for grinding grains as offerings to the buildings and five limestone ovens.

According to the specialist, the inhabitants of the city suffered from times of drought since remains of many corn reserves were found although studies are being performed to define the periods when there were shortages of food and determine the severity of the drought.