Balamcanché Archaeological Zone

balamcanche-archaeological-zone

  Importance

  Site description

  Services

  Access

  Visitation hours

Importance

This site is located 6km from Chichen Itza, it is a cave that served as a ceremonial center for the ancient Mayans people. You can admire the stalactites and other rock formations but the most important space is the room that is located about 200meters from the entrance and where a structure called The Throne of Balam is found. At the center of this same room 7 meters high, rises a large pillar formed by the fusion of a stalactite that looks like a great ceiba tree, called The Holy Ceiba.

Here ceremonial objects were found decorated with materials such as ceramic, lytic and shells among others. Among the inhabitants of Mesoamerica, the caves were considered entrances to the underworld and among the Mayan the ceiba was the holy tree assimilated with the world axis that unites the sky, land and underworld. Dated to the Early Post-classic period, 900 to 1200a.d.

 

Site description

balamcanche-altar

The cavity was used for 2000 years, the time in which the inhabitants of the region deposited different offerings that were later sealed to guarantee that no one opened them. The majority of the objects that were offered are currently exhibited at the same site. Known for a long time by the area’s inhabitants, it was a place of adoration and offerings for the gods of the underworld. Balamcanché shows a small settlement formed by a quadrangle of platforms that hold four vaults. In the center of the quadrangle the entrance to the cave is found that is encircled by a thick wall constructed by stone without any type of cement.

Services available in the Balamcanché Archaeological Zone

This site has the following services: ticket office, parking, bathrooms, first aid room and in case of emergency an ambulance service from Chichen Itza. There is also an introduction area where you can see layouts of the cave. There is a botanical garden and arts and crafts for sale. In this archaeological zone they have a spectacular light and sound show.

Access

From Merida, Yucatan take the 180 highway via Valladolid and at 400meters from the kilometre 123 take a left deviation that takes you to the site. Balamcanché is 6 kms from Chichen Itza. Visitors can reach the site with public transport.

Visitation hours

Monday to Sunday 9am to 4pm.

Guided visits to the archaeological zone have a maximum of 15 people. Guided visits can be done in the following languages and times: Spanish 9am, 12pm, 2pm and 4pm. English 11am, 1pm and 3pm. French 10am.

Source:

inah.gob.mx

Read about other mayan ruins here:

Mayan Ruins – Articles