Deemed as the mother city of the Maya due to its long history, Dzibilchaltun is a great Maya archeological site located in the Mexican state of Yucatan, which 15 kilometers from Merida, is a very valuable site to people who are studying the history of the Maya.
Dubbed as “The place where there is writing on stones”, the place holds many memorial stones found at the site.
Maya settlements here existed from 300 BC up to the Spanish settlements around 1540 AD. It is one of the largest cities of Mesoamerica as it was believed to have a population of as many as 40,000 inhabitants.
In this gallery you can see the picture of a square structure – The Temple of the Seven Dolls which is the most famous structure of Dzibilchaltun archeological site. It is also known as the Temple of the Sun and considered as the focal point of the city.
It was named as, “The Temple Of The Seven Dolls” because of the seven small effigies found at the site when the temple was discovered during the 1950s. The latter name was derived from the phenomenon which happens twice a year at the spring and fall equinoxes, when the rising sun shines through one portal or window and out the other. This shows the Mayan understanding of astronomy and architecture. It is also homage to the unbelievable mathematical knowledge of the Mayas. The event is quite similar to the descending serpent of Chichen Itza showing the power of the Gods.
A sacbe or what is known as the “white road” connects the temple to the rest of the site. It is called the “white road” because it was originally coated with white limestone, built over stone and rubble fill.
Cenote Xlakah, a beautiful freshwater pool is another interesting treasure of Dzibilchaltun. Now, it has become a popular swimming hole which is open daily for public which is great for taking a refreshing swim. It is near the main plaza of the site. Cenote Xlakah provides freshwater source for the entire city and most likely the reason why the Maya chose to build in this location. It is a perfect source to irrigate the nearby corn fields.
You can also find here another interesting structure – a ruin of a 16th century Spanish church built at the site after the Spanish conquest.
In the Dzibilchaltun archeological site you can find here a museum which accommodates a lot of interesting Maya and Spanish artifacts from the site and the adjacent region. Stela, carved stone tablets, columns and lintels are displayed here. You can also see old textile machinery, Maya hupiles, Spanish armor and weaponry, maps and etc. which are all in excellent condition. The museum in Dzibilchaltun is really worth seeing and it is located by the entrance to the ruins.
Visiting the Mayan ruins of Dzibilchaltun will enable you to see the Mayans understanding of astronomy.
The interesting walks on trail throughout the reserve will show you the fragile environment of the place and its abundant flora and fauna.
If you want to visit an age old place of quiet contemplation where you can wander, enjoy serene surroundings, climb the interesting structures and know what it feels like to have lived here hundreds of years ago then Dzibilchaltun is the best Mayan archeological site to be.